"Russia and Kazakhstan are the countries that once were a part of a unified ideological block, linked with brotherly relations; and now they are business partners and good neighbors. After the collapse of the Soviet Union they began to create their own concept of national and state history to various degrees reviewing the common history, where the main task was to build its unique historical narrative and its own national identity. General ideological views were replaced with a private authentic one. The cultural memory in the process appeared to be a set of ideas about the past, as well as about all the heroes, victories and tragedies, which in many ways are fixed in the memory, as well as a set of different forms of this fix. Production of historical knowledge and its rationing become the most important task of the young state, through which a meaning is given to the past, and hope for the future is determined.